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Publishing content on the web has the potential to be open and accessible to many people when done so correctly. Below are things to keep in mind when creating online content:
Avoid presenting information through colour or an image. Where you need to use images make sure there are text alternatives to allow people with sight impairments to access the information.
Add alt text to images to make sure whatever the information contained in the image is conveyed through alternative text. Make sure to describe what additional content the image contains, not just how it looks. Once alt text is added to an image, when the viewer hovers a mouse over the image they will see a label that presents this alternative text description. If a viewer uses screen reader software, the software will read out the alt text descriptions to the viewer.
Alt text should answer this question: What is the information conveyed by the image?
Videos should be subtitled or accompanied by a transcript of the content. This is essential for those with hearing impairments and should feature descriptions of visual content for those with visual impairments.
Avoid using animations in your content, but if you need to do so provide a warning to visitors at the top of the content.
Make sure any text content is resizable. Browsers provide a setting to adjust the font size; once set your preference becomes the default option for all websites you visit. Double check that your text content is legible if the size of the text is changed in the browser settings.
You can also add an accessibility plugin to support visitors to access your website content.
Enable visitors to change the colours of background and font on your site. This allows those with visual impairments and dyslexia to change the contrast and colour to suit their needs.
You can also add an accessibility plugin to support visitors to your website access your content.
Use respectful and inclusive language and avoid unnecessarily using gendered terms. You may also wish to think about the general audience of your content and use plain English where appropriate.
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