Anatomy of a URL

This post will look at what makes up a URL or web address. This may be particularly useful if you don’t know how a web address is formatted or if you are planning how best to make use of your Coventry.Domains subdomain.

A URL is a web address that references a resource on the web, specifying where it is located and how it can be retrieved. Most web browsers display the URL of a webpage above the page in an address bar.

A typical URL might look like with the protocol (HTTP), the domain name ( and a file name (index.html).

The web protocol will be either HTTP or HTTPS. HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol) is the original web protocol where information is sent in plain text over the web. HTTPS is the secure web protocol (the ‘S’ stands for Secure) and means information sent to and from this webpage will be encrypted. With HTTPS sites you will often see a ‘lock’ symbol next to the URL in a browser’s address bar – this helps you know if the website you are on is secure, and is particularly useful when shopping and banking online.

The domain name will include the main domain name (e.g. ‘example’ in ‘’) and a top-level domain name (e.g. .com). The file name might reference a web page or an image file, for example.

Your Coventry.Domains subdomain

With your Coventry.Domains account you are provided with a subdomain name and web hosting space. You have the choice to decide what this subdomain name will be, but for this example let’s say you choose the word “pseudonym” as your subdomain name to have as where you will host your websites.

In this example, “pseudonym.” is your subdomain name, “coventry” is the main domain name and “.domains” is the top-level domain name (the same as “.com”, “.net”, “” etc.).

‘’ is known as the root domain for the web hosting associated with your account. Here you will create a main website. You can then create additional websites on (sub-) subdomains and directories, which you can learn more about in the Subdomain vs Directories documentation in this knowledgebase.